Introduction

The last four decades have been characterized by two central changes in the political and economic systems of industrializing countries. First, an ever-growing number of them have introduced democratic polities. This “third wave” of democratization (Huntington 1991) started in Southern Europe in the...

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Published in: Environmental Policy Change in Emerging Market Democracies p. 3
Main Author: JALE TOSUN
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Published: University of Toronto Press 12-11-2013
Subjects:
Law
Online Access: Get full text
Summary: The last four decades have been characterized by two central changes in the political and economic systems of industrializing countries. First, an ever-growing number of them have introduced democratic polities. This “third wave” of democratization (Huntington 1991) started in Southern Europe in the mid-1970s, before spreading to Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa (see Haerpfer et al. 2009). Second, several industrializing countries introduced market economic structures and participated in an unprecedented “rush to free trade” (Rodrik 1992). The launch of multilateral trade regimes such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade
ISBN: 1442644095
9781442644090
DOI: 10.3138/j.ctt5hjxfb.6