One in four trail running race entrants sustained an injury in the 12 months training preceding the 2019 SkyRun race

To determine the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of RRIs among trail runners who entered the 2019 SkyRun races. Descriptive cross-sectional study. 2019 SkyRun races. Consent for data analysis was given by 305 of 412 (74%) race entrants. Retrospective annual incidence (RRIs/1000 h), point p...

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Published in: Physical therapy in sport Vol. 47; pp. 120 - 126
Main Authors: Viljoen, Carel T, Janse van Rensburg, Dina C.(Christa), Jansen van Rensburg, Audrey, Booysen, Evan, Chauke, Shihluke, Coetzee, Petro, Hurlimann, Amy, Jooste, Mignette, Nibe, Yoliswa, Schulenburg, Chene, Korkie, Elzette, Ramagole, Dimakatso, Grant, Catharina, Cronje, Tanita
Format: Journal Article
Language: English
Published: England Elsevier Ltd 01-01-2021
Elsevier B.V
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Summary: To determine the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of RRIs among trail runners who entered the 2019 SkyRun races. Descriptive cross-sectional study. 2019 SkyRun races. Consent for data analysis was given by 305 of 412 (74%) race entrants. Retrospective annual incidence (RRIs/1000 h), point prevalence (%), frequency (%), characteristics (anatomical region, body area, tissue type, pathology type) and injury severity (mean severity score; 95% CI) of RRIs. 28.2% of participants reported at least one RRI. The retrospective annual incidence was 49.5 RRIs per 1000h and the point prevalence was 1.3%. Most injuries occurred in the lower limb (87.3%), with the knee (26.5%), ankle (21.6%), and foot (16.7%) reported as the most frequently injured body areas. Muscle/tendon accounted for 44.1% of tissue type injuries. Tendinopathy (27.5%), joint sprain (19.6%), and muscle injury (15.7%) were the most common pathology types reported. The mean injury severity score was 31.6. One in 4 trail runners reported at least one RRI in the 12 months leading up to a race. RRIs mostly affected the lower limb specifically the knee, ankle and foot. Future research should establish injury risk factors to ultimately develop specific injury prevention strategies. •One in four trail runners sustain an RRI in the 12 months prior to race participation.•Predominantly the lower limb is injured among trail runners, specifically the knee, ankle and foot.•Muscle/tendon is mainly injured, with tendinopathies the most common pathology type among trail runners.
ISSN: 1466-853X
1873-1600
DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2020.11.029