Molecular screening indicates high prevalence and mixed infections of Hepatozoon parasites in wild felines from South Africa

Genetic diversity within partial 18S rRNA sequences from Hepatozoon protozoan parasites from wild felines in South Africa was assessed and compared with data from domestic cats to assess patterns of host specificity. Lions, leopards, servals, a caracal and an African wildcat were all positive for pa...

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Published in: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association Vol. 91; no. 1; pp. 1 - 5
Main Authors: Harris, David J, Sergiadou, Dimitra, Halajian, Ali, Swanepoel, Lourens H, Roux, Francois
Format: Journal Article
Language: English
Published: South Africa AOSIS 01-01-2020
African Online Scientific Information Systems (Pty) Ltd t/a AOSIS
AOSIS (Pty) Ltd
Subjects:
RNA
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Summary: Genetic diversity within partial 18S rRNA sequences from Hepatozoon protozoan parasites from wild felines in South Africa was assessed and compared with data from domestic cats to assess patterns of host specificity. Lions, leopards, servals, a caracal and an African wildcat were all positive for parasites of the Hepatozoon felis-complex. However, haplotypes were not species-specific, and potential mixed infections were widespread. Additional genetic markers are needed to untangle the extremely complex situation of these parasites in both domestic cats and wild felines in South Africa.
ISSN: 1019-9128
2224-9435
DOI: 10.4102/jsava.v91i0.2055