Formulation of an optimized synergistic enzyme cocktail, HoloMix, for effective degradation of various pre-treated hardwoods
•Synergism between CelMix and XynMix improved hardwood biomass hydrolysis.•XynMix requirement was highly biomass composition/pre-treatment dependent.•HoloMix reached 70–100% sugar yields after 24h.•Biomass pre-treatment with a laccase, AbLac, improved its hydrolysis by HoloMix.•An efficient optimize...
|Published in:||Bioresource technology Vol. 245; no. Pt A; pp. 52 - 65|
|Main Authors:||Malgas, S, Chandra, R, Van Dyk, J.S, Saddler, J.N, Pletschke, B.I|
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•Synergism between CelMix and XynMix improved hardwood biomass hydrolysis.•XynMix requirement was highly biomass composition/pre-treatment dependent.•HoloMix reached 70–100% sugar yields after 24h.•Biomass pre-treatment with a laccase, AbLac, improved its hydrolysis by HoloMix.•An efficient optimized hardwood biomass degrading cocktail was formulated.
In this study, two selected hardwoods were subjected to sodium chlorite delignification and steam explosion, and the impact of pre-treatments on synergistic enzymatic saccharification evaluated. A cellulolytic core-set, CelMix, and a xylanolytic core-set, XynMix, optimised for glucose and xylose release, respectively, were used to formulate HoloMix cocktail for optimal saccharification of various pre-treated hardwoods. For delignified biomass, the optimized HoloMix consisted of 75%:25% protein dosage, CelMix: XynMix, while for untreated and steam exploded biomass the HoloMix consisted of 93.75%:6.25% protein dosage. Saccharification by HoloMix (27.5mgprotein/gbiomass) for 24h achieved 70–100% sugar yields. Pre-treatment of the hardwoods (especially those with a higher proportion of lignin) with a laccase, improved saccharification by HoloMix. This study provided insights into enzymatic hydrolysis of various pre-treated hardwood substrates and showed the same lignocellulolytic cocktail comparable to/if not better than commercial enzyme preparations can be used to efficiently hydrolyse different hardwood species.