Change in patient nutritional knowledge following coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Introduction: In order to reduce coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, moderate physical activity should be combined with other lifestyle modifications, such as proper nutrition, to have a dramatic impact. This necessitates educational and preventative measures, which should begin in childhood and con...
|Published in:||Health SA = SA Gesondheid Vol. 22|
|Main Authors:||Van Rooy, L, Coopoo, Yoga|
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Introduction: In order to reduce coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, moderate physical activity should be combined with other lifestyle modifications, such as proper nutrition, to have a dramatic impact. This necessitates educational and preventative measures, which should begin in childhood and continue throughout life.Aim: The aim of this study was to measure the change in nutrition knowledge of coronary artery bypass graft patients by implementation of a lifestyle intervention programme.Methods: The Hawkes andNowak Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (1998) was administered to 18 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients to assess the change in nutrition knowledge.Results: Significant improvements were noted in the nutrition knowledge score (18.9 ± 3.4–23.2 ± 4.5; p = 0.000). Although all components measured exhibited improvements in knowledge, cholesterol reduction knowledge (5.3 ± 1.8–7.2 ± 1.8; p = 0.0066), low fat food knowledge (3.8 ± 2.3–5.1 ± 2.7; p = 0.011) and high fibre food knowledge (4.1 ± 1.4–4.7 ± 1.1;p = 0.022) exhibited the highest and most significant improvements.Conclusion: Notably, these significant improvements in nutrition knowledge points toward effective education being delivered during the intervention. Cardiac rehabilitation has proved to be effective in changing lifestyle habits in a holistic way and this study further shows an improvement in nutritional knowledge based on sound educational principles.